Andreas Lehnertz

Andreas Lehnertz

andreas_lehnertz
Dr.
Andreas
Lehnertz
Medieval History
Jewish Studies
andreas.lehnertz@mail.huji.ac.il

Jewish-Christian Relations,
Old Yiddish,
Oath-Taking
Criminal History
Sealing Practices and Practices of Authentication

 

Current Projects:

My current project is a study of Jewish craftspeople in medieval Northern Europe. Scholarship on the economic history of the Jews in medieval Northern Europe focuses almost exclusively on moneylending. This Jewish occupation generated a great mass of textual sources and is, therefore, most frequently explored. An economic and social history of Jewish professional involvement in crafts, however, has yet to be written. Jewish artisans such as goldsmiths, glaziers, or woodcarvers, among numerous other professions, such as messengers, launderers, or water carriers, frequently appear in our sources but are seldom accounted for by scholars. I aim to modify this paradigm of historiography by providing a new and broad discussion of Jewish professional occupation that will restructure our understanding of the medieval Ashkenazi society and economy. Such a study will help to reveal a more versatile Jewish society and its daily life activities in medieval Northern Europe.

 

Curriculum Vitae

 

Fellowships and Grants

  • 2019–2020      Post-Doctoral Fellowship in the European Research Council project “Beyond the Elite – Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Europe,” The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

  • March 2020     Short-Term Fellowship at the Max-Weber-Kolleg, University of Erfurt

  • 2017–2018      Post-Doctoral Fellowship in the “Forschungszentrum Europa”, University of Trier

  • 2015–2017      Doctoral Fellowship of the Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes

  • 2014–2015      Leo Baeck Doctoral Fellowship of the Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes

 

Prizes

  • 2022                Gerald Westheimer Early Career Development Price, Leo Baeck Institut, New York

  • 2020                Ephraim Urbach PostDoc Grant, Memorial Foundation for Jewish Culture, New York

  • 2019                Prof. Marie-Luise Niewodniczanska Price of the Freundeskreis University of Trier (Ph.D. thesis)

  • 2015                Dr. Walther Liebehenz Price for extraordinary achievements in the field of Auxiliary Sciences in History, Georg-August University of Göttingen (Masters’ thesis)

 

Education

  • 2014–2018      Ph.D. in History at the University of Trier (“Jewish seals in the medieval German Empire. Authentication and self-representation of Jewish men and women” [German])

  • 2014                M.A. in History and German Philologies, University of Trier

 

Publications

 

Books

  • Judensiegel im mittelalterlichen Reichsgebiet. Beglaubigungspraxis und Selbstrepräsentation von Jüdinnen und Juden, 2 Vols. (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2020)

 

Reviews of Books:

 

Editions of Sources

  • “Judensiegel im mittelalterlichen Aschkenas (1441–1519),” Corpus der Quellen zur Geschichte der Juden im spätmittelalterlichen Reich, ed. Alfred Haverkamp and Jörg R. Müller (Trier, Mainz, 2017) (http://www.medieval- ashkenaz.org/quellen/1348-1390/judensiegel-4.html).

  • “Judensiegel im mittelalterlichen Aschkenas (1391–1440),” Corpus der Quellen zur Geschichte der Juden im spätmittelalterlichen Reich, ed. Alfred Haverkamp and Jörg R. Müller (Trier, Mainz, 2016) (http://www.medieval- ashkenaz.org/quellen/1348-1390/judensiegel-3.html).

  • “Judensiegel im mittelalterlichen Aschkenas (1348–1390),” Corpus der Quellen zur Geschichte der Juden im spätmittelalterlichen Reich, ed. Alfred Haverkamp and Jörg R. Müller (Trier, Mainz, 2015) (http://www.medieval- ashkenaz.org/quellen/1348-1390/judensiegel-2.html).

  • “Judensiegel im mittelalterlichen Aschkenas (1273–1347),” Corpus der Quellen zur Geschichte der Juden im spätmittelalterlichen Reich, ed. Alfred Haverkamp and Jörg R. Müller (Trier, Mainz, 2014) (http://www.medieval- ashkenaz.org/quellen/judensiegel.html).

 

Articles

in preparation for 2022/23

  • “Wirtschaftsgeschichte der Juden im mittelalterlichen Reich,“ in Wirtschaft im Mittelalter. Handbücher zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte, ed. Thomas Ertl (via De Gruyter Oldenbourg).

  • (with Maria Stürzebecher) “Jewish Goldsmiths in Medieval German Lands,“ Jewish Craftspeople in the Middle Ages, ed. Simha Goldin, Andreas Lehnertz, Isaac Lifshitz and Maria Stürzebecher (via De Gruyter).

  • “The Jews’ Hat,” Images – A Journal of Jewish Art and Visual Culture, special issue, ed. Kathrin Kogman-Appel.

  • (with Birgit Wiedl) “Juden im Gefängnis im mittelalterlichen Reich,“ Aschkenas. Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Kultur der Juden.

  • “The Seal of Gad b. Peter Halevi,“ Ars Judaica, special issue about Jewish material culture, ed. Naomi Feuchtwanger-Sarig.

  • “Taking Oaths and Sealing Documents: Signs of Civic Belonging Among Jews of Late Medieval German Lands,“ Sonderheft in a not yet defined journal, ed. Elisheva Baumgarten.

  • (with Eyal Levinson) ”Jewish Orphans in Medieval Ashkenaz,” in a volume about „Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Europe“, ed. Elisheva Baumgarten.

  • “Medieval Jewish Signet Rings,” Arts, special issue about “Medieval Finger Rings from Christian, Jewish and Islamic Contexts”, ed. Maria Stürzebecher.

  • “Jewish Archives in Medieval Ashkenaz,“ in a yet not specified journal.

 

2022

  • “Hebräische Rückvermerke an Thüringer Geschäftsurkunden des Mittelalters: Überreste jüdischer Archive und Einblicke in Wirtschaftspraktiken,“ Jüdische Geschichte in Thüringen. Strukturen und Entwicklungen vom Mittelalter bis ins 20. Jahrhundert, ed. Hans-Werner Hahn and Marko Kreutzmann (Erfurt 2022), 57–71 (in print).

  • (with Birgit Wiedl) “...written in my own Jewish hand. Bilingual Business Documents from the Medieval Holy Roman Empire,” Communication, Translation, and Community in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period. New Socio-Linguistic Perspectives. Fundamentals of Medieval and Early Modern Culture, 26, ed. Albrecht Classen (Berlin et al. 2022) (in print).

  • Art. “Seals (Jewish),” Routledge Medieval Encyclopedia Online (RMEO) (online publication for 2022).

  • “The Beginnings of Yiddish in Worms,” Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Northern Europe, 1080–1350: A Sourcebook (Kalamazoo. Medieval Institute Publications), ed. Tzafrir Barzilay, Elisheva Baumgarten and Eyal Levinson (Kalamazoo 2022) (in print).

  • “Jewish Seals on a Receipt Debt from Zurich,” Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Northern Europe, 1080–1350: A Sourcebook (Kalamazoo. Medieval Institute Publications), ed. Tzafrir Barzilay, Elisheva Baumgarten and Eyal Levinson (Kalamazoo 2022) (in print).

  • “A Receipt of Debt in Zurich,” Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Northern Europe, 1080–1350: A Sourcebook (Kalamazoo. Medieval Institute Publications), ed. Tzafrir Barzilay, Elisheva Baumgarten and Eyal Levinson (Kalamazoo 2022) (in print).

  • “The Erfurt Judeneid,” Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Northern Europe, 1080–1350: A Sourcebook (Kalamazoo. Medieval Institute Publications), ed. Tzafrir Barzilay, Elisheva Baumgarten and Eyal Levinson (Kalamazoo 2022) (in print).

  • “A Contract Between the City and the Jewish Community of Augsburg,” Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Northern Europe, 1080–1350: A Sourcebook (Kalamazoo. Medieval Institute Publications), ed. Tzafrir Barzilay, Elisheva Baumgarten and Eyal Levinson (Kalamazoo 2022) (in print).

 

2021

  • “Dismantling a Monopoly: Jews, Christians, and the Production of Shofarot in Fifteenths-Century Germany,” Medieval Encounters 27 (2021): 360–86.

  • “Margarete, Reynette and Meyde: Three Jewish Women from Koblenz in the 14th Century,” Jewish Studies Quarterly 38 (2021): 388–405.

  • Sigilla ad debita. Siegel für Judenschulden aus den erzstiftisch-mainzischen Städten des 14. Jahrhunderts,“ Archiv für Diplomatik, Schriftgeschichte, Siegel- und Wappenkunde 67 (2021): 171–206.

  • (with Markus Wenninger) “Zum Heiligenberger Siegeltypar mit einer »Judensau«: Das Siegel eines Christen, nicht das eines Juden,“ Bremisches Jahrbuch 100 (2021): 32–78.

  • (with Birgit Wiedl) “How to Get Out of Prison. Imprisoned Jews and Their Hafturfehden from the Medieval and Early Modern Holy Roman Empire (Fourteenth through Sixteens Centuries),” Incarceration and Slavery in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age. A Cultural-Historical Investigation of the Dark Side in the Pre-Modern Work, ed. Albrecht Classen (New York et al. 2021), 361–413.

  • “The Jewry Oath (Judeneid). Legal Practice In-Between,” In and Out, Between and Beyond. Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Europe, ed. Elisheva Baumgarten and Ido Noy (Jerusalem 2021), 53–57.

  • “The Jew’s Hat (Judenhut). Beyond Labeling Jews,” In and Out, Between and Beyond. Jewish Daily Life in Medieval Europe, ed. Elisheva Baumgarten and Ido Noy (Jerusalem 2021), 77–82.

 

2020

  • “Jewish Seals and Sealing Practices in the Holy Roman Empire – Authentication and Self-Representation,” Medieval Ashkenaz. Papers in Honors of Alfred Haverkamp Presented at the 17th World Congress of Jewish Studies, ed. Christoph Cluse and Jörg R. Müller (Wiesbaden 2020), 226–40.

  • “Zu einem bisher unveröffentlichten altjiddischen Privatbrief aus der ersten Hälfte des 15. Jahrhunderts,“ Jiddistik Mitteilungen 62 (2020): 1–20. 

  • “Christen im öffentlichen und privaten Raum der mittelalterlichen Judenviertel,“ Münchner Beiträge zur jüdischen Geschichte und Kultur 14 (2020): 29–44.

  • “The Erfurt Judeneid between Pragmatism and Ritual. Aspects of Christian and Jewish Oath Taking in the Medieval German Kingdom,” Ritual Objects in Ritual Contexts. Erfurter Schriften zur Jüdischen Geschichte, 6, ed. Claudia Bergmann and Maria Stürzebecher (Jena et al. 2020), 12–31.

  • “Ein Privatbrief aus Mühlhausen in Thüringen. Zum vermutlich frühesten Brief in jiddischer Sprache,“ Heimat Thüringen 2 (2020): 13–14.

  • “The Seal Matrix of the Trier Jew Muskinus,“ vorZeiten: Times gone by, ed. Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe Rheinland-Pfalz, Direktion Landesarchäologie (Regensburg 2020), 320–21.

 

2019

  • “The Trier Archbishop’s negociator Sealing: Two Seals owned by Muskinus the Jew (Moshe b. Yeḥiel, ob. 1336 ce),” A Companion to Seals in the Middle Ages, ed. Laura Whatley (Leiden 2019), 243–63.

  • “Ein altjiddischer Brief aus der ersten Hälfte des 15. Jahrhunderts. Zu einem Neufund aus dem Stadtarchiv Mühlhausen,“ Mühlhäuser Beiträge 42 (2019): 101–12.

  • “Der Friedhof,“ Juden in Klüsserath (1663–1938), ed. Hermann Erschens (Trier 2019), 77–95.

 

2018 

  • “Les sceaux juifs et les sceaux royaux destinés à confirmer les actes des juifs au royaume français dans les temps médiévales. Une introduction,“ Le Talmud et l’Astrolabe, Judaïsme médiéval en Europe du Nord, ed. Judith Olszowy-Schlanger and Nicolas Hatot (Rouen 2018), 190–95

 

2017

  • “Hafturfehden von Juden in der Stadt Regensburg (14. bis 16. Jahrhundert). Städtische Autonomiebestrebungen zwischen Wandel und Kontinuität,“ Die Stadt des Mittelalters an der Schwelle zur Frühen Neuzeit. Beiträge des interdisziplinären (Post-)Doc-Workshop des Trierer Zentrums für Mediävistik im November 2017, ed. Inge Hülpes and Falko Klaes (online blog vol. publication 2018), 134–72, online via https://mittelalter.hypotheses.org/15761.

  • “Forschungsbericht zu den Judensiegeln,“ Zu Gast bei Juden. Leben in der mittelalterlichen Stadt, ed. Dorothea Weltecke (Constance 2017), 124–26.

  • “Vier Judensiegel aus Zürich und Schaffhausen,“ Zu Gast bei Juden. Leben in der mittelalterlichen Stadt, ed. Dorothea Weltecke (Constance 2017), 172–74.

  • “Hebräische Dorsalvermerke,“ Zu Gast bei Juden. Leben in der mittelalterlichen Stadt, ed. Dorothea Weltecke (Constance 2017), 179–83.

  • “Der Typar des Trierer Juden Muskinus,“ vorZeiten: 70 Jahre Landesarchäologie Rheinland-Pfalz, ed. Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe Rheinland-Pfalz, Direktion Landesarchäologie (Regensburg 2017), 320–21.

 

2014

  • “Katavti al ha-Tsetel. Aschkenasische Wörter in Quellen des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts,“ Jiddistik Mitteilungen 51 (2014): 1–15.

  • “Quelle im Fokus: Zweites Typar des Trierer Juden Muskinus (Mosche ben Jechiel),“ online via www.medieval-ashkenaz.org.

 

 

Presentations (selection 2019–2020)

  • “Die Herstellung von Schofarhörnern im mittelalterlichen Erfurt. Ein Skandal und seine Folgen,” in Begegnungsstätte Kleine Synagoge, Erfurt, 12 March 2020.

  • “Mittelalterliche jiddische Briefe aus Mühlhausen und anderen Orten,” in Synagogue in Mühlhausen, 11 March 2020.

  • “Shofar Production in Medieval Erfurt: Starting a Business, Making a Scandal,” auf der internationalen Konferenz Money Matters: Jews, Christians, and the Medieval Market Place, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 17–19 December 2019.

  • “The Erfurt Judeneid between Pragmatism and Ritual,” at the international Conference Ritual Objects in Ritual Contexts in Erfurt, 6–8 November 2019.

  • “Shofarot Making and a Scandal in Erfurt in the 15th Century,” at the International Medieval Congress in Leeds 1–4 July 2019.

  • “Jüdische Handwerksleute im mittelalterlichen Erfurt und der Fall eines Schofarskandals,” at the Conference Das mittelalterliche Erfurt – Metropole zwischen Ost und West. Teil II: Stadtentwicklung, städtisches Leben, Geistesgeschichte,” in Erfurt, 6–8 June 2019.

  • Hafturfehden: Charters Issued by Jews after Their Release from Imprisonment in the Medieval German Kingdom,” at the Conference Law, Criminality and Law Enforcement (חוק, פשיעה ואכיפה) in Beer Sheva, 5 March 2019.