Dr. Orly Lewis

Buber Fellow: 
2016
Research Field: 

Classics

Academic interests: 

• Greco-Roman anatomy, physiology and diagnostics, in particular:
o Air and blood in physiology, psychology and pathology.
o The physiology and diagnostic use of the pulse.
o The physiology of pain and the classification of types of pain.
• History of ideas about soul and body-soul relation.
• Aristotelian and Stoic biology.
• The interrelation of theory and practice in ancient medicine.
• The relation between medicine and philosophy in antiquity.
• The reception of Greco-Roman medicine in Medieval Jewish and Muslim science.

Current Projects: 

I am a classicist and historian of medicine, science and ideas. My work focuses on Greco-Roman medicine, natural philosophy, biology and scientific method. Alongside questions concerning ancient ideas of the structure and workings of the body and mind/soul, I consider how theory, empirical research and clinical practice fed into one another so as to generate different models of human anatomy and physiology and different methods for examining and diagnosing the physical and mental condition of individual patients. Additionally, my work addresses methodological problems arising from the fragmentary nature of our sources, the scarcity of material evidence, and the dangers of anachronism. 

Curriculum Vitae: 
Teaching
  • Summer semester 2018: DIAGNOSTICS AND THERAPEUTICS IN ANTIQUITY; Undergraduate seminar, Department of History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, summer semester. (In Hebrew)
  • Summer semester 2017: BODY, SOUL AND ENSOULED BODIES: PRE-MODERN IDEAS OF BODY, SOUL, HEALTH AND ILLNESS IN THE WESTERN WORLD; Graduate seminar, Department of History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, summer semester. (In Hebrew)
  • Summer semester 2016: MENTAL HEALTH AND ILLNESS IN ANCIENT MEDICAL TEXTS;  Undergraduate seminar, Department of Classics, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, summer semester. (co-taught with Philip van der Eijk and Ricardo Julião) (In German)

 

Education
  • 2014 PhD, Humboldt University of Berlin (Classics Department) (Summa cum Laude).
  • 2010 MA, Tel-Aviv University (Classics Department) (Summa cum Laude).
  • 2007 BA, Tel-Aviv University (Departments of History and Classics) (Summa cum laude).
Former Affiliations
  • 2015 – 2016 Post-Doctoral-Fellow, Excellence Cluster TOPOI – “The Formation and Transformation of Space and Knowledge in Ancient Civilizations” (Humboldt University of Berlin, Classics Department) – Group D-2: Mapping Body and Soul.
  • 2014 Visiting Scholar, Humboldt University of Berlin (Classics Department).
  • 2011 – 2013 Doctoral Fellow, Humboldt University of Berlin (Classics Department – the Alexander von Humboldt research group: Medicine of the Mind, Philosophy of the Body – Discourses of Health and Well-Being in the Ancient World.
Publications: 
Monograph

 

Edited Volume
  • The Concept of Pneuma after Aristotle (Berlin, in press). (with David Leith and Sean Coughlin)
Articles in peer-reviewed journals
  • “Fragments of History and Science”, Isis 109.1 (2018), 83–86.
  • “Marcellinus’ De pulsibus: a Neglected Treatise on the Ancient ‘Art of the Pulse’”, Scripta Classica Israelica 34 (2015), 195-214. 
  • “De Spiritu: A New Case against Authenticity”, Classical Philology, 110.2 (2015), 159-167. (with Pavel Gregoric)
  •  “The Context of De Spiritu”, Early Science and Medicine 20.2 (2015), 125-149. (with Pavel Gregoric)
  •  “The Substance of De Spiritu”, Early Science and Medicine, 20.2 (2015), 101-124. (with Pavel Gregoric and Martin Kuhar)

Forthcoming

  •  “Pre-Modern Ideas of the Heart and their Practical Implications”, Medical Humanities 46.4 (forthcoming, 2020), special issue The Heart as a Pump, eds. T. Feiler, J. Horden and A. Papanikitas. 
Book chapters
  • “Archigenes of Apamea’s Treatment of Mental Diseases”, in C. Thumiger and P.N. Singer (eds.), Mental Diseases in Ancient Medicine (Leiden: Brill, 2018), 143–175.
  • “Mental and Physical Gradualism in Greco-Roman Medicine”, in K. Geert, R. Hauswald, L. Keuck (eds.), Vagueness in Psychiatry (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017), 27–45. (with Chiara Thumiger and Philip van der Eijk)
  • “The Practical Application of Ancient ‘Pulse-Lore’ and its Influence on the Patient-Doctor Interaction”, in G. Petridou and C. Thumiger (eds.), Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (Leiden: Brill, 2015), 345-364.

Forthcoming

  • “Heat and Fire in the Theory of Ps.-Aristotle’s De Spiritu”, in H. Bartos and C. King (eds.), Aristotle and his Predecessors on Heat, Pneuma and Soul, (in print).
  • “Introduction”, in: S. Coughlin, D. Leith, O. Lewis (eds.), The Concept of Pneuma after Aristotle (Berlin; Edition Topoi, in press). (with David Leith and Sean Coughlin)
  • “Pneuma in Early Hellenistic Medicine”, in: S. Coughlin, D. Leith, O. Lewis (eds.), The Concept of Pneuma after Aristotle (Berlin, Edition Topoi, in press). (with David Leith)
  • “What was Pneumatist about the Pneumatist School?”, in: S. Coughlin, D. Leith, O. Lewis (eds.), The Concept of Pneuma after Aristotle (Berlin, in press). (with Sean Coughlin)
  • “Galen against Archigenes on the Classification of Pulses”, in M. Havrda and R.J. Hankinson (eds.), Galen’s Epistemology (volume under review at Cambridge University Press).
  • “The Medical Theory and Method of the Anonymus Parisinus”, in: P. Bouras-Vallianatos (ed.), Exploring Greek Manuscripts at The Wellcome Library (London: Routledge, in preparation).
  • “The Mechanics of Galen's Theory of Nutrition”, in G. Kazantzidis and M. Gerolemou (eds.), The Body as Machine in Antiquity (volume under review at Cambridge University Press, in preparation).
Handbook
  • “Diagnosis and Prognosis: the theory of the pulse”, in: J. Laskaris, R. Rosen and P.N. Singer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Galen (Oxford: Oxford University Press, in preparation).
Exhibition catalogue
  • “Dissection as a Method of Discovery”, in U. Kornmeier (ed.) The Soul is an Octopus. Ancient Ideas of Life and the Body (Berlin: Berlin Museum of Medical History, 2016), 24-29.
  • “Localising the Soul in the Body”, in U. Kornmeier (ed.) The Soul is an Octopus. Ancient Ideas of Life and the Body (Berlin: Berlin Museum of Medical History, 2016), 31-35.
  • “Brain and Heart as Organs of the Soul”, in U. Kornmeier (ed.) The Soul is an Octopus. Ancient Ideas of Life and the Body (Berlin: Berlin Museum of Medical History, 2016), 37-43.
  •  “Substances in Service of the Soul”, in U. Kornmeier (ed.) The Soul is an Octopus. Ancient Ideas of Life and the Body (Berlin: Berlin Museum of Medical History, 2016), 45-51.
Conference-reports
  • Report on The Concept of Pneuma after Aristotle (Berlin, 2-4 July 2015), published in Neoptopia 2015/4. (With Sean Coughlin)
  • Report on ‘Knowledge, Ethics and Representations of Medicine and Health: Historical Perspectives’ – The Society for the Social History of Medicine 2010 Conference (Durham and Newcastle, 8-11 July 2010), published in Society for the Social History of Medicine – The Gazette, no. 51, 2010. (With Pauline Koetschet)
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