Dr.Yakir Paz - "CAN TWO KINGS USE ONE CROWN?" - Celestial Political Theology and a Rabbinic Critique of the Tetrarchy

Dr.Yakir Paz - "CAN TWO KINGS USE ONE CROWN?" - Celestial Political Theology and a Rabbinic Critique of the Tetrarchy
Activity Date: 
Monday, Dec 7, 2015

In my presentation I wished to argue that a myth appearing in the Babylonian Talmud concerning the diminishing of the moon at the dawn of creation is actually composed from two separate myths: The first myth accounts for the waxing and waning of the moon as result of divine punishment. According to the second myth there were once two suns but due to completion between them God diminished one sun and turn it into a moon. I wished to demonstrate that the second myth could be read as a rabbinic response to the rise of the tetrarchy at the end of the 3rd century which was accompanied by theo-political propaganda (both in texts and iconography) equating the two augusti to two suns in heaven. The statement preserved in the Bavli - “can two kings use one crown?” - should be viewed as critique of this new political order.