Dr. Jose Maria Sanchez de Leon, Dr. David Horst, Dr. Antonis Kalatzis- "What do Philosophers do? Three Approaches"

Dr. Jose Maria Sanchez de Leon, Dr. David Horst, Dr. Antonis Kalatzis- "What do Philosophers do? Three Approaches"
Activity Date: 
Monday, Nov 3, 2014

The colloquium was divided in three parts. In the first part, Antonios Kalatzis delivered an introductory overview of the specific character of philosophical knowledge along with its (classical) goals. On the basis of Anselm’s ontological argument, philosophy was depicted as necessary knowledge – primarily – through concepts and as the attempt of transforming the sum of human knowledge into a coherent system. In the second part, José María Sánchez de León addressed the question about the relationship between philosophy and history of philosophy. In contrast to the common view that sees them as two separate endeavors, philosophical thought and historical reconstruction of past philosophies were presented as forming an indivisible unity. In the third part, David Horst presented two examples of philosophical reflection from Meta-Ethics. The first example was an argument against Moral Subjectivism – the view that moral judgments (such as “Slavery is wrong”) state or report the judging subject’s attitude(s) of approval or disapproval; the second example was an argument against Moral Relativism – the view that moral judgments are true or false relative to a certain culture, society, or historical period. Both views, so the arguments go, present inadequate interpretations of moral judgments because they are incompatible with the possibility of moral disagreements.